Philip II of Macedon When Philip swept south with his army in November 339, he hoped to rush the Thebans into honouring their alliance and letting him through into Attica. Alexander the Great [22] Towards the end of the decade however, the "war party" gained the ascendancy, and began to openly goad Philip; in 341 BC for instance, the Athenian general Diopithes ravaged the territory of Philip's ally Cardia, even though Philip demanded that they desist. The Athenians and Thebans prepared to meet Philip outside of a town called Chaeronea. Ancient History Encyclopedia.

The Athenians, Thebans, and a small number of allies positioned themselves, with the Athenians (10,000 infantry and 600 cavalry) on the left, allies in the center, and the Thebans with 800 cavalry and 12,000 infantry (including the 300 members of the Sacred Band) on the far right. Sulla led all of his cavalry to repel the Roman attack, and, while archelaus sent more troops to attack the weakened Roman right, Sulla returned to the Roman right and led a counterattack against the Pontic left. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In both accounts of the battle, the superior discipline of the Sacred Band resulted in its annihilation.

[50] However, before he could depart, Philip was assassinated by one of his bodyguards. Battle of Chaeronea (338 BCE): decisive battle in which king Philip II of Macedonia overcame Athens and Thebes, which meant, essentially the end of Greek independence. Eventually they … Ce fichier et sa description proviennent de Wikimedia Commons. [47] Philip's motives are not entirely clear, but one likely explanation is that he hoped to use the Athenian navy in his campaign against Persia, since Macedon did not possess a substantial fleet; he therefore needed to remain on good terms with the Athenians. Macedon's army included 30,000 foot soldiers and around 3,000 cavalry. They did so, but could not withstand the Roman impetus. [28] What was the name of Franz Ferdinand’s assassin? The Battle of Chaeronea took place in 338 BCE on an early August morning outside the town of Chaeronea. Pericles of Athens: Facts, Achievements & Death, Quiz & Worksheet - Battle of Chaeronea Summary, Over 79,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, HSC Ancient History: Exam Prep & Syllabus, Biological and Biomedical What are the NYS Regents Exams Locations? Polyaenus collected many snippets of information on warfare in his Strategems; some are known from other sources to be reliable, while others are demonstrably false. After the general engagement had been in progress for some time, Philip had his army perform a wheeling manoeuver, with the right wing withdrawing, and the whole line pivoting around its centre. 14).

[1][2] He was aided in this process by the distraction of Athens and Thebes, the two most powerful city-states in Greece at that point, by events elsewhere. What we call the civilization of Ancient Greece wasn't actually a single civilization at all. Philip started a rumor that the Macedonians were going to give up and return to Macedon, then started withdrawing his troops.

Learning of Hortensius' dire situation, he made for his left wing to help out. He offered a peace treaty, which Athens and Thebes refused, and the cities prepared for one final battle. [32], The allied Greek army included contingents from Achaea, Corinth, Chalcis, Epidaurus, Megara and Troezen, with the majority of troops being supplied by Athens and Thebes. Philip's actions in 346 BC had expanded his influence over all Greece, and although he had brought peace, he had come to be seen as the enemy of the traditional liberty of the city-states.

Between 352 and 338 BCE, Athens and Philip would remain at odds. [45] Philip marched first to Thebes, which surrendered to him; he expelled the Theban leaders who had opposed him, recalled those pro-Macedonian Thebans who had previously been exiled, and installed a Macedonian garrison. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Battle_of_Chaeronea,_338_BC.png ‎ (752 × 531 pixels, taille du fichier : 25 Kio, type MIME : image/png). When 1,000 Athenians were killed, Philip saw to the burial of the dead and sold the remaining captured troops into slavery. 18 Oct 2020.

[34] The Greek line, which was about 2.5 miles in length, was thus secure on both flanks. The Battle of Chaeronea was a military encounter between the forces of Philip II of Macedon and an allied army of Athens and Thebes. At the start of 339 BC, the Thebans had seized the town of Nicaea near Thermopylae, which Philip had garrisoned in 346 BC. The Thebans listened instead to Demosthenes and to their own instinct of self-preservation. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Books

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