Your Trip to Florence: The Complete Guide, Here's the Perfect Itinerary for a Whirlwind 3 Days in Rome, 8 Things to Do in Rome's Trastevere Neighborhood. Hovels and tiny houses were scattered across narrow streets and alleys, in midst of early churches such as Santa Maria in Trastevere and San Crisogono. However, apart from other Roman quarters, Trastevere never saw the construction of sumptuous buildings and churches, neither of splendid houses for the Curial aristocracy. Rome conquered it to gain control of and access to the river from both banks, but was not interested in building on that side of the river. Plants scramble down walls from garden terraces, washing hangs out to dry, and chipped Virgin Marys look down from shrines on street corners. By the time of the Republic c. 509 BC, the number of sailors and fishermen making a living from the river had increased, and many had taken up residence in Trastevere. The area escaped the grand developments which changed the face of central Rome, and is a charming place to wander, eat or relax. This is the queen of all Trastevere churches. In order to have a stronghold on the right Bank and to control the Gianicolo hill, Transtiberim was partially included by Emperor Aurelian (270–275) inside the wall erected to defend the city against the Germanic tribes. Nevertheless, Trastevere remained a maze of narrow streets. There's perhaps no better Roman neighborhood in which to get lost than Trastevere. Her work has appeared in Travel + Leisure, USA Today 10Best, Michelin Guide, Hemispheres, DuJour, and Jetsetter. In 1744 Benedict XIV modified the borders of the rioni, giving Trastevere its modern limits. Yes, you really can eat the whole thing! The area began to be considered part of the city under Augustus, who divided Rome into 14 regions (regiones in Latin); modern Trastevere was the XIV and was called Trans Tiberim. The Church of Santa Maria in Trastevere became the centre of the neighbourhood. Piazza Trilussa, right on the river, often hosts concerts and performances.
The streets had no pavement until the time of Sixtus IV at the end of the 15th century. Like many neighborhoods in central Rome, Trastevere's wide piazzas are equivalent to living rooms–open spaces where locals gather to talk and where tourists can linger to soak up the ambiance. It belonged to the hostile Etruscans.
In Rome's Regal period (753–509 BC), the area across the Tiber belonged to the hostile Etruscans: the Romans named it Ripa Etrusca (Etruscan bank). Until the Age of the Emperor Augustus (44-23 a.C), the first Roman Emperor, the area of Trastevere was actually a peripheral area of the city.
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Mostly laid out in the medieval era, its cobblestone streets are a picturesque warren of ochre-colored buildings, old doorways with antique doorknockers, arched passageways, flower-filled balconies and Rome's ubiquitous graffiti.  Its use as a synagogue ended when the Jews were forced to move to the Roman ghetto on the other side of the Tiber river in the mid-16th century. Get away from the crowds and spend a few hours in one or more of Trastevere's museums. It belonged to the hostile Etruscans. Until the Age of the Emperor Augustus (44-23 a.C), the first Roman Emperor, the area of Trastevere was actually a peripheral area of the city. Trastevere has a slew of great bars, mostly falling on the artsy, divey side. I love the clean lines and luxe fabrics in the rooms and common areas (as well as the overall aesthetic of the entire property).