Examples of civil law include the Law of Contract, the Law of Torts, Family Law etc. International law, on the other hand, is the law between countries. It grew over time from the practices, customs and way of life of the people. It is a legal system and not necessarily a classification of law. The assignee thus sued and lost at common law, and he appealed to the court of chancery. A good example of divine law can be found in Islamic law as postulated in the Q’uran.

so understandable. Nice piece. A contract is a legally binding agreement between two or more … Examples include the rules of the various courts and the Administration of Criminal Justice Act 2015, which is the procedural law in relation to the Criminal Code Act and the Penal Code Act. The four types of civil law are torts, contract law, family law and personal disputes. This law is said to be the law that is innate in all mankind and can be deduced through the use of reason. The Australian Institute of Criminology is Australia's national research and knowledge centre on crime and justice, The CMC came into existence on 1 January 2002 when the Criminal Justice Commission (CJC) and the Queensland Crime Commission (QCC) merged to form the new organisation, A centre of the University of Sydney dedicated to public education on criminal justice issues, The role of the Administrative Review Council ‘is to ensure that our system of administrative review is as effective and significant in its protection of the citizen as it can be’, The AIAL was established in 1989. Customary Law as part of its basic characteristic is generally unwritten. On the other hand, in civil cases, the standard of proof is on the balance of probabilities; S.134 Evidence Act 2011. An example of criminal law is the Criminal Code Act which is applicable in the Southern part of Nigeria. There are different meanings of the word law. This led to the conglomeration of different customs which were then applied all through the realm. 4. If you think you may have ground for a case, contact us at Brent George Law to discuss options. The following are the major classifications of law: 1. Criminal laws: designed to protect society as a whole from wrongful actions (police can take action) Traffic/road laws. Constitutional law is the body of law which defines the relationship of different entities within a state, namely, the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. If Positive Law is at variance with natural law, it could lead to injustice in the society. Divine Law: Divine Law is referred to as laws made by a deity to govern the affairs of man. In most civil cases, the standard of proof is based on the preponderance of the evidence. The matter was brought to the King who referred it to Lord Francis Bacon. The Lord Chancellor, was usually a bishop and thus, he applied the principle of fairness and natural law in making his decisions. Private law, on the other hand, is that category of the law that concerns itself with the relationship amongst private citizens. Retrieved from Lexis Nexis Australia. All types of law have far-reaching effects and help to shape … However, although they are applied in one court, the rules of common law and equity can be distinguished from each other. ” Law is a command and there is no necessary connection between law and morals or law as it is (lex lata) and law as it ought to be (de lege ferenda).” Examples of positivist law include the 1999 Constitution , Company and Allied Matters Act, Banks and Other Financial Institutions Act … Also, the only remedy available in common law was that of damages. 1.

They are laws made by persons given the authority to do so either directly or indirectly by the society. Here is a list of links to various websites. Pls y is customary law not included in the classification of law.
Francis Bacon supported the court of equity and ruled that whenever there was a clash between common law and equity, equity would prevail. Also, the burden of proof does not shift from the prosecution. 3. Types of law. Common Law and Equity: In the legal sense, the term common law means the law developed by the old common law courts of the King’s Bench, the Courts of Common Pleas and the Courts of Exchequer. What Are the Different Types of Business? Substantive and Procedural Law: Substantive Law is the main body of the law dealing with a particular area of law. These judges had the authority of the king and any disobedience to them was treated as disobedience to the king and punishment was swift. Unlawful interference with one of these interests is redressable by an action for damages and potential interference may be prevented by injunction. 2. The reasoning of the Lord Chancellor, Lord Ellesmere, was that by natural law, it was only fair and just for a person who builds a house to be able to live in that house. This ruling however, did not help to completely solve the problem between the two courts. There are many
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